Chicago Style Citation: Guide on Basics

Chicago Style Citation: Guide on Basics

The Chicago Manual of Style (or Chicago Style, as it is commonly referred to) is an internationally acknowledged style guide for American English. It is currently used in the publishing industry, as well as in academic research and writing. It has been used and accepted by hundreds of publications, both in print and on the web. And it has been used and accepted by thousands of publications worldwide.

Citation Style Features

Chicago style citation uses the inverted pyramid style format, using upper-case letters across the top of the text box. And using lower-case letters inside the box next to the name of the author, title, or other information on the page number. For example, if you were writing a research paper about “Evan Williams’ The New York Review of Books”. You would write this research paper as: “John E. Williams” “New York Review of Books” “Evan Williams”  Authors’ names should be separated by commas or spaces between words.” The Chicago Manual of Style will accept this style as well as the inverted pyramid style, but not both.

As an example of an article I wrote recently for a class, I cited “Evan Williams’ The New York Review of Books. Instead of “John E. Williams” I spelled it out like that:  John E. Williams” and the citation looked like this:  John is an example of the use of the inverted pyramid style. In my paper, I used the inverted pyramid style three times, and once I looked up the New York Times’s Style Guide Online. I saw that I was correct. Other publications such as The Wall Street Journal, Time Magazine, People’s Daily, Linings, Chicago Style, Associated Press, The Chicago Manual of Style, and the Heritage Dictionary. They do not allow either of these citation styles. So, when using Chicago Style, be aware of which publications it applies to. It’s best to follow the Chicago Manual of Style when looking up citations in the online literature.

Chicago Style Citation Example

Now let’s look at some more Chicago citations. Here’s a neat trick I picked up while teaching myself Chicago style footnotes and citations. Instead of writing the name of the author, write the author’s last name with a colon before it, like this: Robert A. Johnson. After the colon, write the name of the publication or the website in question, again, like this: Robert A. Johnson. And then type in the citation: “Robert A. Johnson, born Nov. 27, 1819, died Aug. 6, 1924.”

Here’s another Chicago style citation worksheet for a social science paper. Write the author-date citation worksheet for this piece like this: Author’s name, Title of Study, Descriptive Term, Page Title, Subject, First Page Title, Date, Middle Page Title, Afterword Citation, Citations (unless the article is a previously published work), Page Number, publisher’s name, page number. Only the author-date worksheet should appear twice; the rest of the worksheets should be blank. For more Chicago citation information on this and other styles of citations, visit the APA website on citations and style.

Chicago Style Citation Example

Here’s a neat tip that came to me while reviewing a Chicago Manual of Style article on the Chicago Manual of Style. Chicago style citations in citations and the Chicago Manual of Style (or the Chicago Manual of Professional Style). They do not require commas or periods between words. In fact, the only periods required are between words in a designation–such as “the” or “the following:”. Or between words that refer to one item in particular, such as “a chinchilla” and “elephant”. Notice how the Chicago style manual avoids using commas and periods?

Formatting Tips

It also used to say that Chicago style citations are not dependent on the author-date style. But I have seen Chicago-style citations that include the author-date formatting. This is an error in the formatting, as it introduces a problem in the computer-assisted creation of citations. As each occurrence of “the” is treated as a new paragraph, even though the reference is already written using the author-date formatting.

Because of this problem, when researching Chicago citations-especially the Chicago style ones-it is a good idea to print out the citation in its author-date style; save it to a file, and use the file with your citation software, not the author-date style. However, if you do use the author-date style, please note that you may need to adjust citations for the electronic citation software as well; just run the citations through the software, click “Citation” and then choose the print.” That should correct any citation problems.

Using Chicago Style in Text Citation

Chicago style in text citation is very simple. It is also referred to as the Chicago style or APA style, which is why many people refer to it this way. For instance, if a school uses the Chicago style of citation and the endnotes use the Chicago style of citation. Then the student has two different sources for the same piece of information. The student can double-check his piece of information because the internet and footnotes have different systems. The endnotes still write in the Chicago style, but the student can easily see that he was wrong because his citations are correct.

When a student wants to cite something from a book, article, or other sources, he can either leave all footnotes and endnotes. Or he can insert them into his Chicago citation. So that the information he is citing comes directly from the specific article or book. The only thing left to do is enter the information after the ending notes or bibliography. The Chicago style in text citation works just like the APA format, where there would be one main body of the text with the relevant information written underneath in proper formatting. There is only one reference, which is the source, and this is the only part that needs a citation form.

Other Sources

There are many other sources of information in the Chicago style paper, footnotes, and bibliography. These include the names, titles, dates, and authors as well as the pages where these pieces of information are found. If you want to make a good study guide or reference work, then the Chicago style paper is perfect for you. Even if you just have to add some examples to your homework assignments. Then you know where to look for these examples to properly cite your sources. Your instructor will appreciate it as well because she or he would like to have as many detailed class notes as possible. Especially when it comes to reading assignments that have been written by your students.

Finishing Touches

You also want to make sure you use the appropriate citation format for your bibliography. The citation forms for most of the books in your Chicago area bibliography will be fairly standard. But the footnotes and endnotes may vary from one bibliography to another. Especially since different Chicago area bibliographies tend to be written in slightly different formats. For example, the endnotes on some books may be listed as “Endnotes,”. While others will be listed as” Supplementary Notes.” In these cases, unless you use the format of the appropriate footnote, your citation will read as an endnote rather than as a citation.