How to Write an Argumentative Essay: Full Analysis

How to Write an Argumentative Essay: Full Analysis


An argumentative essay has certain rules that you must follow if you want your essay to be accepted by the college admission board. It should be based on certain facts and not just on your own personal feelings and emotions. But the first argument, generally, is based on personal feelings and goes without any supporting evidence, while the second is generally based on facts that are supported by the research available. It is very important to keep in mind that any facts that you use in your argumentative essay must be true. If you write something like “The Earth is round” then the reader must believe this to be true.

Person writes an outline for travel argumentative essay


Most Common Topics for an Argumentative Essay

The most common argumentative essay topics are the political argument and the scientific argument. In a political argument, you can start by talking about why you disagree with certain facts and arguments of other people. For instance, if you know that human beings are the descendants of carnivores, then you can begin your argument by stating the fact that humans are mostly carnivores. This way you will establish that the argument that you are making is factual and is not simply a view that you have on something. The facts that you use should relate to current events in society.

Another popular argumentative essay approach is the Toulmin model argument. In this argument, you take an issue that is topical and discuss the pros and cons of dealing with it in your life. After you talk about the pros and cons, you then have another section where you outline how the model would affect society if you were to deal with the issue in your own life. The model can be applied to real events in your life like your attitude towards your job, your relationships, or how you deal with people. It can even be used to talk about things that happen to other people in society.

Argumentative Essay Structure

Usually, these types of essays include the following basic elements:

  1. Main thesis. Writing an argumentative essay requires that you outline the main thesis and main ideas of your argument. The thesis is the crux of what your essay is going to be about. You need to make sure that the thesis is well written and comes with several supporting facts. The rest of your argumentative essay should build on the main thesis statement.
  2. Introduction. A good argumentative essay needs to start with a question- how to start an argumentative essay, and have a good introduction. The introduction is usually what catches a reader’s attention the most. You need to give a detailed description of the argument you plan on writing.
  3. Body. The next part of an argumentative essay is normally the body of the text. The body of the text consists of several paragraphs detailing the main points you are arguing in your essay. The paragraphs need to be well written, organized, and persuasive. When you write an argumentative essay, it is a good idea to write more than one point against a particular argument. This will ensure that you have enough material to make a strong case against your argument.
  4. Conclusion. You also need to write an argumentative essay conclusion, stating what you believe to be the final conclusion about whatever topic you have written out. Make sure that your conclusion is based on your arguments in your first three paragraphs, as well as your introduction.

In addition, you should provide some background information to go along with your essay. Some good background information to include in your essay includes what type of person the author is, how they came to be writing their essay, what their purpose is, what kind of things they are interested in knowing about, and how much time they have put into writing the argument.

Essay Writing on a laptopSo now, when you are aware of the most important part of an argumentative essay, we can finally proceed to :


Writing an Argumentative Essay in 4 Steps

In the course of your education, you may have taken many different classes on how to write an argumentative essay, and perhaps learned a great deal about the different types of arguments that can be made in such essays. You may also have read many articles, books, and other reading materials on the topic. Yet when it comes to presenting your arguments persuasively, it is oftentimes difficult for you to come up with a coherent essay, particularly if you haven’t taken the time to learn about the different types of essay templates and how to best utilize them. This is where these four steps to write an argumentative essay will prove extremely helpful. They will teach you how to write an argumentative essay and teach you how to make certain that your argument is very powerful and compelling.

The first step is to learn about the different argumentative essay formats. These formats are generally referred to as argumentative essay templates.

These formats come in two basic types:

  • the phobic argumentative format, also known as the Socratic format;
  • the affirmative argumentative format- format of the defense.

With the phobic argumentative format, there is a clear separation of the arguments and the evidence that you use to support those arguments. With the affirmative argumentative format, there is usually no separation of the evidence and the argument.

Next, you will need to learn about the different argumentative essay parts, which are paragraphs, the main body of the essay, and the conclusion. Paragraphs generally constitute the majority of the entire argumentative essay, although the main body only constitutes a small percentage. However, if you are familiar with the argumentative essay format, and you feel confident about your writing skills, you can skip the paragraphs and main body altogether.

The next step in the four steps to write an argumentative essay is to write the paragraphs. This includes organizing your arguments logically, arranging your points chronologically, and categorizing your paragraphs. You must organize all of your arguments within the paragraphs in such a way so that they make sense and complement each other. For example, if you are discussing the history of Western civilization, you would start your paragraph with “That is what civilization started with,” followed by defining each aspect of western civilization. When you go through your points, you must take note of how each fits into the overall theme of your argument.

The last part is writing the concluding paragraph is where you summarize your arguments for the rest of the essay. Use as much personal experience as possible when writing this part, using anecdotes, studies, or testimonials from people who can corroborate your points. However, be careful not to make yourself sound too much like an expert or authority on anything. Simply use facts to support and further your arguments in your conclusion paragraph.

The entire essay writing process can be difficult and time-consuming. If you use the outline method, however, it will make things a lot easier. Most writing assignments have a set number of points that must be discussed. If you do not prepare your argumentative essay properly, you could be missing out on an opportunity to give your assignment some real depth by skipping over many of the important details.


Argumentative essays cover many different subjects and themes. If you have a few ideas that you want to use to write in your argumentative essay, then why not use a planner to get started? You can find it at most universities. You will also find a wealth of information on the internet. Whatever topic you decide to write your argumentative essay on, make sure that you research the topic thoroughly before submitting it for class. Argumentative essays are usually easy to write and are a great way to learn how to write persuasive ideas.